Annual global biomass production is about 220 billion dry tons or 4,500 EJ, equivalent to 8.3 times the world’s energy consumption in 2014 (543 EJ). On the other hand, world-proven oil reserves at the end of 2011 reached 1652.6 billion barrels, which can only meet 54.2 years of global production. Therefore, alternative resources are needed to both supplement and replace fossil oils as the raw material for transportation fuels, chemicals and materials in petroleum-based industries. Renewable biomass is a likely candidate, because it is prevalent over the Earth and is readily converted to other products. Compared with coal, some of the advantages of biomass are: (i) its carbon-neutral and sustainable nature when properly managed; (ii) its reactivity in biological conversion processes; (iii) its potential to produce bio-oil (ca. yields of 75%) by fast pyrolysis because of its high oxygen content; (iv) its low sulphur and lack of undesirable contaminants (e.g. metals, nitrogen content) (v) its wide geographical distribution and (vi) its potential for creating jobs and industries in energy crop productions and conversion plants. Many researchers, governments, research institutions and industries are developing projects for converting biomass including forest woody and herbaceous biomass into chemicals, biofuels and materials and the race is on for creating new “biorefinery” processes needed for future economies. The development of biorefineries will create remarkable opportunities for the forestry sector, biotechnology, materials, chemical processing industry, and stimulate advances in agriculture. It will help to create a sustainable society and industries that use renewable and carbon-neutral resources.
Editors-in-Chief: Professor Zhen Fang, Nanjing Agricultural University,Nanjing, China.
Zhen Fang is professor and leader of biomass group, Nanjing Agricultural University. He is the inventor of the “fast hydrolysis” process. He is listed in the “Most Cited Chinese Researchers” in energy for 2014 and 2015 (Elsevier-Scopus). Professor Fang specializes in thermal/biochemical conversion of biomass, nanocatalyst synthesis and its applications, and pretreatment of biomass for biorefineries. He obtained his PhDs from China Agricultural University (Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Beijing) and McGill University (Materials Engineering, Montreal). Professor Fang is associate editor of Biotechnology for Biofuels, and is serving on editorial boards of major international journals in energy.
Editorial Board Members:
Professor Liang-shih Fan Ohio State University, USA;
Professor John R. Grace University of British Columbia, Canada;
Professor Yonghao Ni University of New Brunswick, Canada;
Professor Norman R. Scott Cornell University, USA;
Professor Richard L. Smith, Jr., Tohoku University, Japan.
1.Production of Biofuels and Chemicals with Ionic Liquids by Zhen Fang, R. L. Smith, Jr., X. Qi
3.Production of Biofuels and Chemicals with Microwave by Zhen Fang, R. L. Smith, Jr., X. Qi
4.Production of Biofuels and Chemicals with Ultrasound by Zhen Fang, R. L. Smith, Jr., X. Qi
6.Production of Biofuels and Chemicals from Lignin by Zhen Fang, R. L. Smith, Jr. (Among the top 50% most downloaded eBooks in 2016）
7.Production of Platform Chemicals from Sustainable Resources by Zhen Fang, R. L. Smith, Jr., X. Qi
8.Production of Biofuels and Chemicals with Bifunctional Catalysts by Zhen Fang, R. L. Smith, Jr., H Li
9. Pretreatment Techniques for Biofuels and Biorefineries by Zhen Fang (Among the top 25% most downloaded eBooks in 2013）
11. Liquid, Gaseous and Solid Biofuels – Conversion Techniques by Zhen Fang
12. Biofuels – Economy, Environment and Sustainability by Zhen Fang
13. Biodiesel – Feedstocks, Production and Applications by Zhen Fang
14. Biodiesel: Blends, Properties and Applications by J. M. Marchetti, Zhen Fang
15. Complete Dissolution and Oxidation of Organic Wastes in Water by Zhen Fang