Prof. Charles Xu from University of Western Ontario visited our Lab

Prof. Charles Xu from University of Western Ontario visited our Lab

On November 14, 2019, as invited by Prof. Zhen Fang, Prof. Charles Chunbao Xu from University of Western Ontario (UWO) in Canada and Dr. Yongsheng Zhang from Zhengzhou University visited our College of Engineering for the academic exchanges and research collaborations. Prof. Xu has a close collaboration with Prof. Fang for a long history in research and student exchanges.

In the afternoon, Prof. Xu gave a lecture to teachers and students on “Conversion of agricultural biomass into bio-based chemicals and materials”. He briefly introduced about UWO and its main research directions, including the works on biomass resources, sludge into bioenergy, biofuels and bio-based chemicals, and presented his Lab’s main research topics and results in detail, particularly showed us how to produce economic viable materials and chemicals besides biofuels from biomass wastes. The academic lecture brings inspiration to the future development and directions of renewable energy and biomass resources utilizations.

After the presentation, Prof. Xu and Dr. Zhang visited our laboratory guided by Prof. Fang. Prof. Fang gave a detailed introduction about the main research directions, research progress and various instruments of the laboratory.

Professor Chunbao Xu, fellow of the Canadian Academy of Engineering and a tenured professor of the Department of Chemical Engineering at UWO in Canada, is a world-renown expert in the field of biomass refining. He is the Co-editor-in-chief of the International Journal of Chemical Reaction Engineering (IJCRE, an SCI Journal). In recent years, he has published nearly 200 papers in International academic journals with 7,700 cites and H index of 47.

加拿大工程院院士徐春保教授一行来访我院

2019年11月14日,应方真教授邀请,加拿大西安大略大学徐春宝教授和郑州大学张永生博士一行来访我院,进行学术交流与科研合作。徐教授与方教授在科研和学生交流方面有着长期的密切合作。

下午,徐春保教授为我院师生作了“Conversion of agricultural biomass into bio-based chemicals and materials”的专题报告,详细介绍了加拿大西安大略大学历史和主要研究方向,包括生物质、有机固废和污泥转化为生物能源、生物燃料和生物基化学品等方面的研究。特别向我们展示了如何利用农业生物质废弃物生产生物燃料以外的经济可行的材料和化学制品。本次学术讲座对可再生能源和生物质资源利用的未来发展和方向具有启发意义。

报告结束后,徐春保教授一行在方真教授的带领下参观了我们实验室,方老师为其详细介绍了目前实验室的主要研究方向、研究进展及实验室的各种仪器设备。

徐春保教授,现为加拿大工程院院士、加拿大西安大略大学化工系终身教授,生物质精炼领域的世界著名专家。担任SCI期刊化学反应工程国际期刊(IJCRE)的共同总编辑。近年来在学术期刊上发表论文近200篇,被引用7700余次,H因子47。

Prof. Sarani Zakaria from UKM (Malaysia) visited our Lab

Prof. Sarani Zakaria from UKM (Malaysia) visited our Lab

As invited by Prof. Zhen Fang, in the morning of October 5th, 2019, Prof Sarani Zakaria from Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM; Bangi, Malaysia), visited our Lab. Prof. Fang gave a detailed introduction of the current research areas, research progress, and how to use the related instruments and equipment in our lab.

Prof. Z Fang has a long-term cooperative relationship with Prof. Zakaria’s group at UKM and co-supervised 4 PhD students (Drs. Fei Ling Pua, Siew Xian Chin, Suet Pin Fan, Umar Adli Bin Amran) and co-authored some research articles since 2011. He hopes that this visit will further enhance friendship and deepen cooperation in research, promote the development of international student exchanges and other activities, particularly jointly apply for research grants from different sources such as “One Belt and One Road”.

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国立马来西亚大学Zakaria教授访问生物能源组

2019年10月05日上午,国立马来西亚大学Sarani Zakaria教授应方老师邀请来南京农业大学生物能源组访问和交流。Sarani Zakaria教授一行在方真教授带领下参观了生物能源实验室,方老师为其详细地介绍了目前实验室相关研究方向、研究进展以及相关仪器和设备的使用方法和功能。

方教授与Zakaria教授在马来西亚国立大学的团队有着长期的合作关系,自2011年以来,两人共同培养了4名马来西亚博士生(Fei Ling Pua潘慧琳小姐, Siew Xian Chin陈秀娴小姐, Suet Pin Fan范雪彬小姐, Umar Adli Bin Amran先生),同时也合作撰写了一些研究论文。方老师和Zakaria教授希望通过此次访问,能够进一步增进两团队的友谊,促进国际学生交流等活动的发展;深化科研合作,特别是联合申请不同渠道的科研资助,例如国家积极响应的“一带一路”建设工程项目。

Prof. RL Smith Jr. and Dr. HX Guo from Tohoku University (Japan) gave lectures

Prof. RL Smith Jr. and Dr. HX Guo from Tohoku University (Japan) gave lectures

As invited by Prof. Zhen Fang, from September 24th to 26th, 2019, Prof. Richard Lee Smith, Jr. and Assistant Prof. Haixin Guo from the School of Environmental Sciences, Supercritical Fluids Center, Tohoku University (Japan), visited our College of Engineering.

In the morning of September 25th, the chair of Agricultural Mechanization Department & Traffic and Vehicle Engineering Department, Prof. Ruiyin He; Professor Zhen Fang; the deputy director of the International Office of College, Mr. Biao Guo; and Dr. LJ Xu, met with Prof. Smith and Dr. HX Guo in Room C302, Yuxian Building. Mr. B Guo welcomed the arrival of Prof. Smith and Dr. HX Guo. He briefly introduced the current situation and history of the college from the aspects of college scale, subject setting, scientific research, international exchange and cooperation. Prof. RY He said that Prof. Z Fang has a long-term cooperative relationship with Supercritical Fluid Center at Tohoku University. He hopes that this visit will further enhance friendship and deepen cooperation in research, promote the development of international student exchanges and other activities, particularly to jointly host the 2020 “6th International Symposium & Exhibition on Aqua Science and Water Resources” (ISASWR-2020) holding in our college (Nanjing, Pukou).

Prof. Smith thanked the College for the hospitality. He gave a detailed introduction about Supercritical Fluid Center, Tohoku University, and its research fields, including supercritical fluid technology, green chemical processes, and also showed the research results in the field of green chemical processes for energy, food, chemicals and materials. He said that he hopes to deepen the inter-school cooperation relationship with our college in research and promote the exchange of teachers and students. Finally, he presented the key topics for the upcoming “ISASWR-2020” and both sides had a brief discussion.

In the afternoon of September 25th, Prof. Smith and Dr. HX Guo gave two invited lectures to teachers and students on “Green Chemical Processes for Energy, Food, Chemicals and Materials” and “Catalytic Systems with Ionic Liquid Additives for the Production of Platform Chemicals and Biofuels”, respectively. The academic lectures bring new enlightenment to the audiences on the directions of renewable energy and resources research and development.

Professor Richard Lee. Smith, Jr, obtained his Bachelor, Master and Ph.D. degrees in Chemical Engineering from Georgia Institute of Technology, USA. He is Professor of Supercritical Fluid Center, School of Environmental Sciences at Tohoku University (Sendai, Japan), specializing in thermodynamics, physical properties, supercritical fluids, and green processes. He is also the Region Editor (Asia) of the Journal of Supercritical Fluids and the editorial board member of Springer Book Series – Biofuels and Biorefineries. He has published more than 260 papers, patents and book chapters with H index of 48.

Dr. Haixin Guo, Female, Assistant Professor of Supercritical Fluid Center, School of Environmental Sciences, Tohoku University, Japan. She is committed to work in green chemistry, biomass resources that are transformed into high value-added chemicals with supercritical fluid-ionic liquid technology, separation engineering and other green chemical processes. In 2012 she obtained master degree in environmental engineering from Nankai University and in 2018 received doctorate in environmental science from Tohoku University. In April 2018, she worked at the Supercritical Fluid Center of Tohoku University and in May was quickly promoted to Assistant Professor of Environmental Science at Tohoku University.

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日本东北大学环境科学学院Smith教授一行来访我院

2019年9月24日-26日应方真教授邀请,日本东北大学环境科学学院Richard Lee. Smith, Jr教授和郭海心助理教授应邀来访我院。9月25日上午,农业机械化系/交通与车辆工程系主任何瑞银教授、方真教授、工学院办公室副主任郭彪等在育贤楼C302会见了Smith教授一行。

郭彪副主任对Smith教授和郭海心助理教授的到来表示欢迎。他从办学规模、学科设置、科学研究、国际交流与合作等方面简要介绍了学院基本情况。何瑞银表示,方真教授与日本东北大学环境科学学院有着长期合作关系,希望借此来访能够进一步增进友谊、深化合作,共同推进2020“第六届水科学与水资源国际研讨暨展览会”(ISASWR-2020) 在我院的举办,并推动国际学生交换等项目的开展。

Smith教授感谢学院的热情接待,详细介绍了日本东北大学超临界流体中心,及其实验室涉及的研究领域,包括超临界流体技术、绿色化学过程等,同时也展示了实验室在能源、食品、化工和材料的绿色化工过程领域的研究成果。他表示,希望与我院深化校际合作关系,增进师生交流。

9月25日下午,Smith教授和郭海心助理教授分别为我院师生作“Green Chemical Processes for Energy, Food, Chemicals and Materials”“离子液体催化生物质转化的机理研究”的专题报告。学术报告为学院师生带来许多关于新能源研究和发展方向的新启示。

Richard Lee. Smith, Jr教授,美国佐治亚理工学院化学工程学士、硕士和博士。日本东北大学环境科学学院超临界流体中心教授,致力于热力学、物理特性、超临界流体和绿色过程等方面研究。兼任Journal of Supercritical Fluids杂志亚洲地区主编以及Springer Nature,Biofuels and Biorefineries系列丛书编委。他发表了260余篇论文、专利和书章节等,H指数为48。

郭海心博士(女),日本东北大学环境科学学院超临界流体中心助理教授。致力于绿色化学,生物质资源转化为高附加值的化学品、超临界流体-离子液体技术、分离工学等方面研究。分别于2012年和2018年获得南开大学环境工程硕士学位和日本东北大学先端环境创成学专业博士学位。2018年4月于日本东北大学超临界流体中心任职,5月升任为日本东北大学环境科学学院助理教授。

High-Concentrated Substrate Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Pretreated Rice Straw with Glycerol and Aluminum Chloride at Low Cellulase Loadings

High-Concentrated Substrate Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Pretreated Rice Straw with Glycerol and Aluminum Chloride at Low Cellulase Loadings

Based on a central composite design, glycerol and AlCl3 pretreated rice straw with 0.08 mol/L AlCl3 at 146.8 °C for 20 min, resulting in 83% delignification, 94% hemicellulose removal, and 92% cellulose recovery for a remarkable glucose yield of 65.7% at high solid loads (15%) and low cellulase loading (3.3 FPU/g dry substrate) with adding Tween 80 (40 mg/g substrate). (通过响应面优化,在146.8 °C和0.08 mol/L AlCl3条件下,水稻秸秆经甘油-氯化铝预处理20 min后,保留92%的纤维素,同时去除83%的木质素和94%的半纤维素;3 FPU/g干基质和15%基质浓度条件下,添加40 mg/g 干基 Tween 80,酶水解48 h,预处理后水稻秸秆的酶解率可达到65.7%。)

Recently, PhD student Mr. Song Tang supervised by Prof. Zhen FANG developed a glycerol and aluminum chloride pretreatment for lignocellulosic biomass. Rice straw was pretreated with glycerol and AlCl3 for enzymatic hydrolysis at low cellulase loadings. Based on a central composite design, 83% delignification, 94% hemicellulose removal, and 92% cellulose recovery (or 76% cellulose in solid residue) were achieved under the optimized pretreatment conditions (0.08 mol/L AlCl3 as catalyst at 146.8 °C for 20 min with 90% glycerol). During glycerol-AlCl3 pretreatment, the lignin-carbohydrate complex was depolymerized, resulting in the complex and recalcitrant construction of straw effectively being destroyed. The enzyme adsorption ability of pretreated straw was 16.5 times that for the original sample. After pretreatment, glucose yield was increased by 2.4 times to 74% for 48 h. Moreover, concentrated solid (15%) with low cellulase loading (3.3 FPU/g dry substrate) achieved 58.6% glucose yield, and further increased by 12% to 65.7% by adding Tween 80.

The results were published:

S Tang, Q Dong, Zhen Fang*, WJ Cong, ZD Miao, High-Concentrated Substrate Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Pretreated Rice Straw with Glycerol and Aluminum Chloride at Low Cellulase Loadings, Bioresource Technology, 294, 122164 (2019).

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甘油和氯化铝预处理水稻秸秆用于低纤维素酶载量条件下高基质浓度酶水解

最近,博士生唐松(男)同学在方老师的指导下,开发出一种应用于木质纤维素生物质的甘油-氯化铝预处理技术,其对木质纤维素组分分离具有极好的选择性。通过响应面优化,水稻秸秆在146.8 °C和0.08 mol/L AlCl3条件下,处理20 min后,92%的纤维素被保留,83%的木质素和94%的半纤维素被去除。同时,固体残渣中纤维素含量达到76%。在甘油-AlCl3预处理过程中,木质素-碳水化合物形成的复合物被解聚,导致秸秆复杂和顽固的结构被有效地破坏。水稻秸秆经预处理后,对纤维素酶的吸附能力提高了16.5倍,酶解率较原始水稻秸秆提高2.4倍,达到了74%。此外,在3 FPU/g和15%基质浓度条件下,酶水解48 h,预处理后水稻秸秆的酶解率达到58.6%,且添加40 mg/g 干基 Tween 80后,提高了12%,达到65.7%。

结果发表在Bioresource Technology:

S Tang, Q Dong, Zhen Fang*, WJ Cong, ZD Miao, High-Concentrated Substrate Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Pretreated Rice Straw with Glycerol and Aluminum Chloride at Low Cellulase Loadings, Bioresource Technology, 294, 122164 (2019).

Dr. LJ Xu and Prof. Zhen Fang attended the 10th National conference on Environmental Chemistry (NCEC 2019)

Dr. LJ Xu and Prof. Zhen Fang attended the 10th National conference on Environmental Chemistry (NCEC 2019)

On August 16-18, 2019, Dr. Xu and Prof. Fang attended the 10th National conference on Environmental Chemistry (NCEC 2019) held in Nankai University, Tianjin invited by Prof. XH Qi. Prof. Fang gave a keynote speech entitled “Hydrolysis of Lignocelluloses for the catalytic production of biofuels and chemicals” to introduce biomass green transformation, hydrolysis, production of biodiesel via catalytic transesterification, catalytic synthesis of bio-chemical and catalytic pyrolysis. Dr. Xu gave an oral speech entitled “Catalytic fast pyrolysis of polyethylene terephthalate to selectively producing Terephthalonitrile and benzenitrile under ammonia atmosphere ”.

2019年8月16-18日,方真教授和徐禄江老师出席了在天津南开大学举行的第十届全国环境化学大会(NCEC 2019),方真教授作了《Hydrolysis of Lignocelluloses for the catalytic production of biofuels and chemicals》的主旨报告,内容包括:生物质绿色转化、水解、催化酯交换制备生物柴油、催化合成化学品和催化热解。徐禄江老师作了《氨气氛围聚催化热解对苯二甲酸乙二醇酯选择性制备对苯二甲腈和苯甲腈》的口头报告。

 

Co-production of phenolic oil and deoxidation catalyst via fast pyrolysis of phenol-formaldehyde resin with Ca(OH)2

Co-production of phenolic oil and deoxidation catalyst via fast pyrolysis of phenol-formaldehyde resin with Ca(OH)2

Recently, Dr. Lujiang Xu and Prof. Zhen FANG have developed a catalytic pyrolysis process for direct conversion of phenol-formaldehyde resin to produce phenolic oil and deoxidation catalyst.

PF resins were used to co-produce phenolic oil and CaO/carbon catalyst by fast pyrolysis with Ca(OH)2 with oil yield of 37% containing 80% phenols (Ca(OH)2催化热解酚醛树脂共生产酚醛油和CaO/炭催化剂,油产率为37%,含80%酚类).

Phenol-formaldehyde (PF) resin was widely used in industry, it would cause an adverse effect on the environment if without applicable treatments of resin wastes. Triglycrides (e.g., soybean oil) were abundant in the nature, but cannot be used directly as engine fuel. The deoxygenation of triglycrides was necessary for producing liquid fuel similar to that derived from petroleum. Herein, PF resin was used to co-produce phenolic-rich oil and CaO/char deoxygenation catalyst by catalytic fast pyrolysis with Ca(OH)2. The CaO/char was used as catalyst to catalytic deoxygenation of soybean oil via catalytic fast pyrolysis process. It was found that Ca(OH)2 changed the thermal decomposition behaviours of PF resin dramatically and promoted the cracking reactions to form more monophenol compounds. The optimal conditions for producing phenol-rich oil (containing 9.1% aromatic hydrocarbons and 82.8% phenols, GC-MS area fraction) with 37.3% yield were 650 °C and 5.0% Ca(OH)2 catalyst. Meanwhile, the total carbon yield of targeted phenols reached 33.7%. Solid residue (char) was further pyrolyzed at 800 °C for producing CaO/char catalyst that helped to reduce the bio-oil oxygen content from 14.4% to 2.4% in the pyrolysis of soybean oil. The peak area % of aromatic hydrocarbons in the oil was 86.8%, and indicated it could be used as gasoline. Phenolic oil from PF resin and aromatic hydrocarbons-rich oil from vegetable oil are easily produced by fast pyrolysis with calcium catalyst.

Related results were published:

LJ Xu, QQ Zhong, Q Dong, LY Zhang, Zhen Fang*, Co-production of phenolic oil and CaO/char deoxidation catalyst via catalytic fast pyrolysis of phenol-formaldehyde resin with Ca(OH)2, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2019.104663 (2019).

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催化热解酚醛树脂共生产酚醛油和CaO/炭催化剂

最近,徐绿江博士和方真教授开发了一种直接转化酚醛树脂生产酚醛油和脱氧催化剂的催化热解工艺。

酚醛树脂在工业上得到了广泛的应用,如果不进行适当的处理,会对环境造成不良影响。甘油三脂(如大豆油)在自然界中含量丰富,但不能直接用作发动机燃料。甘油三脂的脱氧对于生产类似于石油液体燃料是必要的。在此基础上,采用酚醛树脂与Ca(OH)2催化快速热解制备了富酚油和CaO/炭脱氧催化剂。以氧化钙/炭为催化剂,采用催化快速热解法对大豆油进行催化脱氧。结果表明,Ca(OH)2能显著改变酚醛树脂的热分解行为,促进裂解反应形成更多的单酚类化合物。

合成37.3%高酚油(含9.1%芳烃和82.8%苯酚)的最优条件为 650℃和5.0%Ca(OH)2催化剂。同时,目标酚的总碳产率达到33.7%。在800℃下对固体残渣(炭)进行进一步热解,制备出CaO/炭催化剂。该催化剂使豆油热解过程中生物油氧含量由14.4%降至2.4%。油中芳烃的GC-MS峰面积百分比为86.8%,表明它可以作为汽油使用。酚醛树脂制备酚醛油和植物油制备富芳烃油,在钙催化剂的作用下,通过快速热解得以实现。

详情可见:

LJ Xu, QQ Zhong, Q Dong, LY Zhang, Zhen Fang*, Co-production of phenolic oil and CaO/char deoxidation catalyst via catalytic fast pyrolysis of phenol-formaldehyde resin with Ca(OH)2, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2019.104663 (2019).

Mr. Xiao-jie Wei and Miss Le-yao Zhang successfully defended their theses

Mr. Xiao-jie Wei and Miss Le-yao Zhang successfully defended their theses

On May 29, 2019, Mr. Xiao-jie Wei and Miss Le-yao Zhang supervised by Prof. Zhen Fang with the help of Drs. Lujiang Xu and Xiao Kong, successfully defended their theses in A101 Huixian Building, Pukou Campus of Nanjing Agricultural University. The defending committee was composed of Profs. Yongfu Zhao (chair) and Hongying Huang from Jiangsu Provincial Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Prof. Xiaohua Wang and Associate Professor Kunquan Li from Nanjing Agricultural University.

All the members of the panel listened to the presentations, raised corresponding questions and reviewed the relevant information after hearing the thesis presentations by Mr. Wei and Miss Zhang. After reviewing and defending, the panel agreed that Mr. Wei and Miss Zhang had successfully completed their research and course requirements on agricultural bio-environment and energy engineering. Mr. Wei studied the catalytic condensation of furfural and acetone alcohol to furanic biofuels to optimize technological conditions with La-based trimetallic catalysts with his thesis entitled “Lanthanide complex metal catalysts for furanic biofuels preparation”. Miss Zhang studied the green recycling of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) with her thesis entitled “Study on the preparation of hydrocarbons by catalytic pyrolysis dechlorination of polyvinyl chloride”. She modified PVC plastic with catalyst of calcium hydroxide to catalyze the conversion of PVC to hydrocarbons by fast pyrolysis technology. Both students worked hard and published 2 academic papers. After the jury voted by secret ballot with Grade B, the panel agreed to confer Master of Engineering Degree to Mr. Xiao-jie Wei and Miss Le-yao Zhang.

Both students got a decent job in manufacturing industry as an engineer.

Congratulations!

生物能源组工程硕士生魏孝捷、张乐瑶顺利通过毕业答辩

2019年5月29日,南京农业大学生物能源2017级工程硕士研究生魏孝捷(男)与张乐瑶(女)毕业答辩会在南京农业大学浦口校区汇贤楼A101举行。答辩评审委员会主席由江苏省农业科学院赵永富研究员担任,来自江苏省农科院的赵永富研究员与黄红英研究员,南京农业大学的王效华教授与李坤权副教授共四位专家担任评审委员。

答辩会上,答辩委员会主席及各位评委在听取了魏孝捷与张乐瑶同学在读期间的答辩报告后,进行了充分的问答和审阅相关资料。经过评审决议后,专家组一致认为魏孝捷与张乐瑶同学顺利完成了农业生物环境与能源方面的研究和学习要求。魏孝捷同学在毕业论文《镧系复合金属催化剂催化制备呋喃类生物燃料》中研究了La系三金属催化剂对于催化糠醛丙酮醇缩合制备呋喃类生物燃料,并针对高效的复合金属氧化物的最优工艺条件进行了研究;张乐瑶同学在毕业论文《聚氯乙烯催化热解脱氯制备碳氢化合物的研究》中对聚氯乙烯(PVC)塑料绿色回收进行研究,针对氢氧化钙对PVC进行改性,利用催化热解技术将聚氯乙烯催化为碳氢化合物,报告数据可靠。两位同学在校期间工作努力,共发表学术论文2篇。经评委会无记名投票表决,评定等级为良好,一致同意通过毕业答辩。

祝贺魏孝捷、张乐瑶同学!

Two Springer books were among “top 25% most downloaded eBooks”

Two Springer books edited by Prof. Fang et al. in 2016 and 2017 were  among the top 25% most downloaded eBooks in 2018.

Two Springer books edited by Prof. Fang et al. in 2016 and 2017 were  among the top 25% most downloaded eBooks in 2018.

1.Zhen Fang*, R. L. Smith, Jr., H. Li (Editors), Production of Biofuels and Chemicals with Bifunctional Catalysts, Springer Book Series – Biofuels and Biorefineries, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg Berlin, hardcover, 12 Chapters, ISBN 978-981-10-5136-4, 2017. (Among the top 25% most downloaded eBooks in 2018)。

2.Zhen Fang*, R. L. Smith, Jr.(Editors), Production of Biofuels and Chemicals from Lignin, Springer Book Series – Biofuels and Biorefineries, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg Berlin, hardcover, ISBN 978-981-10-1964-7, 2016. (Among the top 25% and 50% most downloaded eBooks in 2018 and 2017)。

Other two Springer books were also listed in “the top 25% most downloaded eBooks”:

3.Zhen Fang*, R. L. Smith, Jr., X. Qi (Editors), Production of Platform Chemicals from Sustainable Resources, Springer Book Series – Biofuels and Biorefineries, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg Berlin, hardcover, 14 Chapters, ISBN 978-981-10-4171-6, 500 pages, 2017. (Among the top 25% most downloaded eBooks in 2017).

4.Zhen Fang (Editor), Pretreatment Techniques for Biofuels and Biorefineries, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg,  ISBN 978-3-642-32734-6, hardcover, 476 pages, 2013. (Among the top 25% most downloaded eBooks in 2013)。


方老师2016和2017年编著的两部Springer专著列入“2018年Springer下载量最高的25%电子书中”。

方老师共有4部专著进入“Springer下载量最高的25%电子书中”:

1.Zhen Fang*, R. L. Smith, Jr., H. Li (Editors), Production of Biofuels and Chemicals with Bifunctional Catalysts, Springer Book Series – Biofuels and Biorefineries, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg Berlin, hardcover, 12 Chapters, ISBN 978-981-10-5136-4, 2017.(Among the top 25% most downloaded eBooks in 2018)。

2.Zhen Fang*, R. L. Smith, Jr.(Editors), Production of Biofuels and Chemicals from Lignin, Springer Book Series – Biofuels and Biorefineries, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg Berlin, hardcover, ISBN 978-981-10-1964-7, 2016.(Among the top 25% and 50% most downloaded eBooks in 2018 and 2017)。

3.Zhen Fang*, R. L. Smith, Jr., X. Qi (Editors), Production of Platform Chemicals from Sustainable Resources, Springer Book Series – Biofuels and Biorefineries, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg Berlin, hardcover, 14 Chapters, ISBN 978-981-10-4171-6, 500 pages, 2017. (Among the top 25% most downloaded eBooks in 2017).

4.Zhen Fang (Editor), Pretreatment Techniques for Biofuels and Biorefineries, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg,  ISBN 978-3-642-32734-6, hardcover, 476 pages, 2013. (Among the top 25% most downloaded eBooks in 2013)

 

Production of N-containing compounds from plastic wastes by fast pyrolysis

Production of N-containing compounds from plastic wastes by fast pyrolysis

Recently, Dr. Lujiang Xu and Prof. Zhen FANG have developed a catalytic pyrolysis process with ammonia for direct conversion of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) to produce N-containing compounds such as Terephthalonitrile (TPN).

Production of terephthalonitrile from polyethylene terephthalate over γ-Al2O3 based catalysts by fast pyrolysis with ammonia (γ-Al2O3催化快速热解氨化聚对苯二甲酸乙二醇酯PET塑料制备对苯二甲腈)

The optimal condition for producing TPN was over 1 g γ-Al2O3-2wt% catalyst at 500 ºC under carrier gas (50% NH3 and 50% N2) with yield of nitriles and TPN of 58.1 and 52.3 C%, respectively. The selectivity of TPN in the nitriles was around 90%. Meanwhile, a bit of aromatics, benzonitrile, acetonitrile were also produced as by-products with the total yields of less than 3 C%. The catalyst deactivated slightly after 5 cycles. Possible reaction routes were proposed and it was found that terephthalic acid, benzoic acid, related esters and amides were the major intermediates from PET to nitriles. Acetonitrile could be produced from acetaldehyde and its corresponding imines. In addition, 32.1 C% TPN with high purity (> 95%) was obtained via freezing recrystallization.

The carboxyl group in PET plastic was efficiently utilized for the production of terephthalonitrile and benzonitrile by controlling Ca(OH)2/γ-Al2O3 catalysts and pyrolysis parameters (e.g. temperature, residence time, ammonia content). The best conditions are selected as 2% Ca(OH)2/γ-Al2O3 (0.8 g), 500 ºC under pure ammonia with 58.3 C% terephthalonitrile yield and 92.3% selectivity in nitriles. In addition, 4% Ca(OH)2/ Al2O3 was suitable for producing benzonitrile. With catalyst dosage of 1.2 g, residence time of 1.87 s, pyrolysis temperature of 650 ºC and pure ammonia (160 mL/min carrier gas flow rate), the yield and selectivity of benzonitrile were 30.4 C% and 82.6%, respectively.

Related results were published:

  1. LJ Xu, XW Na, LY Zhang,  Q Dong, GH Dong, YT Wang, Zhen Fang*, Selective Production of Terephthalonitrile and Benzonitrile via Pyrolysis of Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) with Ammonia Over Ca(OH)2/Al2O3 Catalysts, Catalysts, 9, 436; doi:10.3390/catal9050436  (2019).
  2. LJ Xu, LY Zhang, H Song, Q Dong, GH Dong, X Kong, Zhen Fang*, Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis of Polyethylene Terephthalate Waste Plastic for the Selective Production of Terephthalonitrile under Ammonia Atmosphere, Waste Management, 92, 97–106 (2019).

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利用塑料废弃物快速热解制备含氮化合物

最近,徐禄江博士和方真教授开发了一种氨催化热解法,将聚对苯二甲酸乙二醇酯(PET)塑料直接转化为对苯二甲腈(TPN)等含氮化合物。

在载气(50%NH3和50%N2)和温度500 ℃下,制备TPN的最佳条件为1 g γ-Al2O3-2wt%催化剂,腈类化合物和TPN的收率分别为58.1%和52.3%。TPN在腈类中的选择性约为90%。同时,还生产了少量芳烃、苯甲腈、乙腈等副产品,总收率小于3%。经过5个循环后,催化剂略微失活。作者提出了可能的反应路线,发现对苯二甲酸、苯甲酸、相关酯和酰胺是从PET到腈的主要中间体。乙醛及其亚胺可制得乙腈。此外,通过冷冻再结晶得到了32.1%的高纯度TPN(>95%)。

作者进一步通过控制Ca(OH)2/γ-Al2O3催化剂和热分解参数(如温度、停留时间、氨含量),有效利用PET塑料中的羧基来生产对苯二甲酸和苯甲腈。选择2%Ca(OH)2/γ-Al2O3(0.8 g),纯氨500 ℃为最佳条件,对苯二甲酸收率58.3C%,腈选择性92.3%。另外,4%的Ca(OH)2/Al2O3也适用于苯甲腈的生产。催化剂用量1.2 g,停留时间1.87 s,裂解温度650 ℃,纯氨(160 mL/min载气流量),苯甲腈的收率和选择性分别为30.4c%和82.6%。

详情可见:

  1. LJ Xu, XW Na, LY Zhang,  Q Dong, GH Dong, YT Wang, Zhen Fang*, Selective Production of Terephthalonitrile and Benzonitrile via Pyrolysis of Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) with Ammonia Over Ca(OH)2/Al2O3 Catalysts, Catalysts, 9, 436; doi:10.3390/catal9050436  (2019).
  2. LJ Xu, LY Zhang, H Song, Q Dong, GH Dong, X Kong, Zhen Fang*, Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis of Polyethylene Terephthalate Waste Plastic for the Selective Production of Terephthalonitrile under Ammonia Atmosphere, Waste Management, 92, 97–106 (2019).

Prof. Fang attended the 17 European Meeting in Supercritical Fluids and gave keynote speech

Prof. Fang attended the 17 European Meeting in Supercritical Fluids and gave keynote speech

On April 8-11, 2019, Prof. Zhen FANG attended the 17th European Meeting in Supercritical Fluids (EMSF2019) and 7th European Meeting on High Pressure Technology in Ciudad Real (Spain)(https://eventos.uclm.es/16387/detail/17-thsubindice-isasf-congress.html). He gave a keynote speech entitled “Hydrothermal Conversion of Renewable Resources and Wastes to Fuels” to introduce properties of hydrothermal water, conversion of biomass, hydrolysis, SCWO, recycling of plastics and particle synthesis. He also chaired a section and helped to evaluate the best posters  as the member of the selection committee for the CFS Jerry King Poster Award.

European Meeting in Supercritical Fluids (EMSF) is a biannual conference, supported by a number of universities and companies all around Europe, with a strong participation and implantation in the scientific community worldwide. The meeting are an exciting and informative with high quality programs including plenary/keynote lectures, invited talks, forums in a variety of topics, oral and poster presentations and many other social programs for over 250 participants from all around the world.

On April 7, before the meeting, Prof. Fang (as associate editor of Journal of Supercritical Fluids) also attended editorial meeting presided over by Prof. Erdogan Kiran, Editor-in Chief to discuss the issues related to the Journal such as virtual special Issues, manuscript processing software and manuscript review.

方老师出席17届欧洲超临界流体会议并发表主旨演讲

201948日至11,方真教授,出席了在西班牙雷阿尔城举行的第17届欧洲超临界流体会议(EMSF2019)和第7届欧洲高压技术会议(https://eventos.uclm.es/16387/detail/17-thsubindice-isasf-congress.html),并做了主旨发言。演讲题目为《水热转化可再生资源和废弃物为燃料》,内容包括:水热性质、生物质转化、水解、超临界水氧化、塑料回收和颗粒合成。此外,他亦担任一个分会的主席,并作为“杰里.金墙报奖”评选委员会成员,协助评审最佳墙报。

欧洲超临界流体会议是一个两年一次的会议,由许多欧洲各地的大学和公司参与和支持,拥有全球超临界流体和高压科技社区强大的参与和植入。日程包括全体会议/主题演讲,邀请讲座,各种主题的论坛,口头和海报。来自世界各地的250多名代表参与了演讲、讨论和许多其他社交活动。

另外,47日,会议开始前,方老师(作为超临界流体杂志副主编)也出席了刊物主编Erdogan Kiran教授主持的编辑委员会会议,讨论了该期刊有关的专题、稿件处理软件、稿件评审等问题。